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2 Samuel 8:1

Adam Clarke
Bible Commentary

David took Metheg-ammah - This is variously translated. The Vulgate has, Tulit David fraenum tributi, David removed the bondage of the tribute, which the Israelites paid to the Philistines. Some think it means a fortress, city, or strong town; but no such place as Metheg-ammah is known. Probably the Vulgate is nearest the truth. The versions are all different. See the following comparison of the principal passages here collated with the parallel place in 1 Chr: -

2 Samuel 1 Chronicles 2 Samuel 8:1. - David took Metheg-ammah 2 Samuel 8:3. David 1 Chronicles 18:1. - David took Gath and her towns. 1 Chronicles 18:3. David smote Hadadezer 2 Samuel 8:4. And David took from him smote Hadarezer 1 Chronicles 18:4. And David took from him 1000 and 700 horsemen, and 20,000 foot. 1000 chariots, and 7000 horsemen, and 20,000 foot. 2 Samuel 8:6. Then David put garrisons in Syria 2 Samuel 8:8. And 1 Chronicles 18:6. Then David put in Syria 1 Chronicles 18:8. And from Betah and Berothai cities of Hadadezer. 2 Samuel 8:9. from Tibhath and Chun cities of Hadarezer. 1 Chronicles 18:9. When Toi heard that David had smitten When Tou heard that David had smitten Hadadezer 2 Samuel 8:10. Then Toi sent Joram his son Hadarezer 1 Chronicles 18:10. He sent Hadoram his son 2 Samuel 8:12; Syria and Moab 2 Samuel 8:13. - Syrians, in the valley 1 Chronicles 18:11; Edom and Moab 1 Chronicles 18:12. - Edomites, in the valley of salt, 18,000 2 Samuel 8:17. - Ahimelech - and Seraiah of salt, 18,000 1 Chronicles 18:16. - Abimelech - and Shausha was the scribe. 2 Samuel 10:16. Shobach the captain was scribe. 1 Chronicles 19:16. Shophach the captain 2 Samuel 10:17. David passed over Jordan, and came הלאמה 1 Chronicles 19:17. David passed over Jordan and came אלהם to Helam. 2 Samuel 10:18. David slew 700 upon them 1 Chronicles 19:18. David slew of the Syrians 7000 chariots of the Syrians, and 40,000 horsemen; chariots, and 40,000 footmen; and smote Shobach, etc. and killed Shophach, etc.

Albert Barnes
Notes on the Whole Bible

Metheg-ammah must be the name of some stronghold which commanded Gath, and the taking of which made David master of Gath and her towns.

Matthew Henry
Concise Bible Commentary
David subdued the Philistines. They had long been troublesome to Israel. And after the long and frequent struggles the saints have with the powers of darkness, like Israel with the Philistines, the Son of David shall tread them all under foot, and make the saints more than conquerors. He smote the Moabites, and made them tributaries to Israel. Two parts he destroyed, the third part he spared. The line that was to keep alive, though it was but one, is ordered to be a full line. Let the line of mercy be stretched to the utmost. He smote the Syrians. In all these wars David was protected, for this in his psalms he often gives glory to God.
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