Though all the instances relate to our neighbour, yet it is called a trespass against the Lord. Though the person injured be mean, and even despicable, yet the injury reflects upon that God who has made the command of loving our neighbour next to that of loving himself. Human laws make a difference as to punishments; but all methods of doing wrong to others, are alike violations of the Divine law, even keeping what is found, when the owner can be discovered. Frauds are generally accompanied with lies, often with false oaths. If the offender would escape the vengeance of God, he must make ample restitution, according to his power, and seek forgiveness by faith in that one Offering which taketh away the sin of the world. The trespasses here mentioned, still are trespasses against the law of Christ, which insists as much upon justice and truth, as the law of nature, or the law of Moses.
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SDA Bible Commentary (limited)
6. His trespass offering. This is the third step. He has sinned against man; this requires restitution. But he has also sinned against God, and that requires a sacrifice.
Thy estimation. There are things whose value may be a matter of opinion, and therefore a cause of dispute. In such cases the priest shall make the valuation. In Ex. 22:1-9 a series of wrongs is enumerated in which the restitution is double, and in some cases even fourfold or fivefold. The difference in the penalties given there and here appears to be due to the fact that there the offender was forced to make restitution by “the judges” (Ex. 22:9), whereas here the acknowledgment appears to be voluntary.