All the trees of the field shall know - All the people of Israel and of Chaldea.
I the Lord have brought down the high tree - Have dethroned Jehoiachin.
Have exalted the low tree - Put Zedekiah, brother of Jehoiachin, in his place.
Have dried up the green tree - Zedekiah, who had numerous children, but who were all slain before his eyes at Riblah.
And have made the dry tree to flourish - Have raised up a rod out of the stem of Jesse, the family of David being then apparently dried up and extinct. This was the promised Messiah, of the increase and government of whose kingdom and peace there shall be no end; upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order and establish it with judgment and with justice, from henceforth, even for ever. The Zeal of The Lord of Hosts Will Perform This.
The high and green tree, says Newcome, refers to Nebuchadnezzar; the low and the dry tree, to the Jews.
The trees fo the field - The kingdoms of the world as contrasted with the kingdom of God. The truth here enunciated is a general one. God gives the promise, God fulfils it.