Take of them of the captivity - The names that follow were probably those to whom the silver and golden vessels of the temple were intrusted; and who might have had bullion of silver and gold, for particular purposes, about the ornaments of the temple.
The house of Josiah - Probably an artificer in silver, gold, etc.
Take of the captivity - Of that which they had brought with them. “The captivity” was, in Jeremiah ), and Ezekiel Ezekiel 1:2; Ezekiel 3:11, Ezekiel 3:15; Ezekiel 11:24-25, the title of those who had been actually carried captive and were at that moment in captivity. Ezra continues it of those who had been in captivity, though now returned from exile. Yet not without a reference to the circumstances or causes of that captivity. It is the “captivity” Ezra 1:11 which Sheshbazzar brings from Babylon, or Ezra subsequently; the “children of the captivity” Ezra 8:35, who set themselves to build the temple of God Ezra 4:1; who dedicated it and kept the passover. The title is used apparently as an aggravation of sin, like that which had been chastened by that captivity. Here, the term seems to imply some blame, that they remained of their own accord in this state of severance from the altar, where alone special worship of God and sacrifice could be offered. They had been removed against their will; yet, as Christians often do, acquiesced in the loss, rather than forego their temporal advantages. Still they wished to take part in the work of restoring the public worship, and so sent these men, with their contribution of gold and silver, to their brethren, who had returned; as, in the first times of the Gospel, the Christians everywhere made collections for the poor saints, who dwelt in Jerusalem. And this their imperfect zeal was instantly accepted.
And go thyself - To make the act more impressive, “on that same day,” as matter of urgency, “and thou shalt come to the house of Josiah son of Zephaniah, whither they have come from Babylon”. The exiles who had brought presents for the building of the temple, lodged, it seems, in the house of Josiah, whether they doubted or no that their presents would be accepted, since they chose Babylon, not Jerusalem for their abode. This acceptance of their gifts symbolized the incoming of those from afar. It is remarkable that all five names express a relation to God. “Tobiah” in Nehemiah 2:10; Nehemiah 6:1; 3) the Tobias here and 14; 4) Tobit and Tobias in his book), “The Lord is my good;” “Yedaiah,” “God knoweth” or “careth for;” Josiah, “The Lord supporteth”; “Zephaniah,” “The Lord hideth,” and perhaps “Cheldai,” “The Lord‘s world”. They had taken religious instead of worldly names. Probably Zechariah was first to accept the offerings from the three exiles, and then to take the actual gold from the house of Josiah whither they had brought it. The pilgrims from Babylon and their host are included in one common blessing.