The pot on the fire represented Jerusalem besieged by the Chaldeans: all orders and ranks were within the walls, prepared as a prey for the enemy. They ought to have put away their transgressions, as the scum, which rises by the heat of the fire, is taken from the top of the pot. But they grew worse, and their miseries increased. Jerusalem was to be levelled with the ground. The time appointed for the punishment of wicked men may seem to come slowly, but it will come surely. It is sad to think how many there are, on whom ordinances and providences are all lost.
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SDA Bible Commentary (limited)
11. Empty. The city without its inhabitants. The fire must go on till the rust is consumed. The city itself would be destroyed.
Verses 11-14 point to the ineffectiveness of former endeavors to bring about a reformation and set forth the certainty and completeness of the impending judgments.