This chapter relates wholly to the kingdom of Israel, and the revolutions of that kingdom. God calls Israel his people still, though wretchedly corrupted. Jehu foretells the same destruction to come upon Baasha's family, which that king had been employed to bring upon the family of Jeroboam. Those who resemble others in their sins, may expect to resemble them in the plagues they suffer, especially those who seem zealous against such sins in others as they allow in themselves. Baasha himself dies in peace, and is buried with honour. Herein plainly appears that there are punishments after death, which are most to be dreaded. Let Elah be a warning to drunkards, who know not but death may surprise them. Death easily comes upon men when they are drunk. Besides the diseases which men bring themselves into by drinking, when in that state, men are easily overcome by an enemy, and liable to bad accidents. Death comes terribly upon men in such a state, finding them in the act of sin, and unfitted for any act of devotion; that day comes upon them unawares. The word of God was fulfilled, and the sins of Baasha and Elah were reckoned for, with which they provoked God. Their idols are called their vanities, for idols cannot profit nor help; miserable are those whose gods are vanities.
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SDA Bible Commentary (limited)
5. Rest of the acts. Baasha ruled 24 years, and there were no doubt many items of interest in the official annals that could have been selected to give a comprehensive account of his reign. But all that the writer of Kings passes by, referring the reader to the fact that those things are already written in the “book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.” The thing that concerns him most is the position taken by each ruler in regard to Jehovah and His purpose for Israel, and the bearing that that would have upon the national history of God’s chosen people. Would the nation prosper or decline, would it endure forever or would it go down in ruin? The answer to those questions depended upon the attitude of king and people toward God.